Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm was an American politician, educator, and author. In 1968, she became the first black woman elected to the United States Congress.
Shirley Chisholm is best known for becoming the first black congresswoman (1968), representing New York State in the U.S. House of Representatives for seven terms. She went on to run for the 1972 Democratic nomination for the presidency—becoming the first major-party African-American candidate to do so. Throughout her political career, Chisholm fought for education opportunities and social justice. Chisholm left Congress in 1983 to teach. She died in Florida in 2005.
Being the first major-party black candidate for President of the United States. She basically paved the way for Barack Obama. We honour her for breaking glass ceilings!